Our Beliefs

The Living God

earthfromspaceWe believe God is Almighty, eternal and unchanging. He is just and holy, gracious and merciful. He is the Creator and Ruler of all things, exercising sovereign power in Creation, Providence and Redemption, and is deserving of all glory and praise forever.

Genesis 17:1; Exodus 3:14; 34:6; Deuteronomy 32:4; Kings 8:27; Job 11:7-9; Psalms 90:2;139:1-13; 147:5; Isaiah 6:3; Malachi 3:6; Matthew 5:48; John 4:24; Acts 7:2; Romans 16:27; 1 Timothy 6:15; Hebrews 4:13; James 1:17; Revelation 4:8; 15:4. 

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Exodus 3:14; God said to Moses, I AM WHO I AM", and he said, "You shall tell the children of Israel this: I AM has sent me to you."

Psalms 90:2; Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the whole world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.

Kings 8:27; But will God in very deed dwell on the earth? behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens can't contain you; how much less this house that I have built!

Hebrews 4:13; There is no creature that is hidden from his sight, but all things are naked and laid open before the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

The Holy Trinity

heavensopenWe believe God is One, existing through all eternity in three Persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

Genesis 1:2; Deuteronomy 6:4; Isaiah 6:3,5,8; 9:6; Jeremiah 10:10; Matthew 3:16,17; 28:19; John 1:1; 1:14,18; 2:24,25; 10:30; 15:26; 1 Corinthians 2:10,11; 8:4,6; Galatians 4:6; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:5,6,8.

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Genesis1:2; Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God’s Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters.

Isaiah 9:6; For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be on his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Matthew 3:16-17; Jesus, when he was baptized, went up directly from the water: and behold, the heavens were opened to him. He saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming on him. Behold, a voice out of the heavens said, "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased."

John 15:26; When the Counselor has come, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, he will testify about me.

The Word of God

wordofgodWe believe God's greatness and holiness are such, that without His aid, man can neither understand God nor find the way to a right relationship with Him. In His mercy, however, God has made Himself known.

He has done this partially through Creation, but more fully and clearly to the people of Israel and explicitly and finally in Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of God and the Word of God incarnate. The Scriptures of the Old and New Testament as an originally given and divinely preserved record, interpret and complete God's special revelation to us. We therefore accept the Bible as not merely containing but being the divinely inspired and infallible Word of God written and the final and sufficient authority in all matters of Christian faith and life.

Psalm 19:1-3; Proverbs 22:19-21; Isaiah 8:19,20; Matthew 4:4,7,10; Luke 1:3,4; Romans 1:19,20,32; 2:14,15; 15:4; 1 Corinthians 1:21; 2:13,14; 2 Timothy 3:15,16; 2 Peter 1:19. 

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Matthew 4:4-10 But he answered, "It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God." Then the devil took him into the holy city. He set him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to him, "If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, He will give his angels charge concerning you and, On their hands they will bear you up, So that you don’t dash your foot against a stone." Jesus said to him, "Again, it is written, You shall not test the Lord, your God." Again, the devil took him to an exceedingly high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world, and their glory. He said to him, " I will give you all of these things, if you will fall down and worship me. " Then Jesus said to him, "Get behind me, Satan! For it is written, You shall worship the Lord your God, and him only shall you serve."

2 Timothy 3:15-17 From infancy, you have known the sacred writings which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith, which is in Christ Jesus. Every writing inspired by God is profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for instruction which is in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.

Satan

barrinWe believe Satan is a person, a malignant Spirit, the enemy of Jesus Christ and of the Saints, deceiving mankind; and has been condemned to eternal damnation.

1 Chronicles 21:1; Job 1:6,7,8; 2:1,2,3,6,7; Psalm 109:6; Matthew 4:10; Mark 1:13; 3:23; 4:15; Luke 4:8; John 13:27; Acts 5:3; Romans 16:20; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 1 Thessalonians 2:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:9; 1 Timothy 1:20; 5:15; Revelation 2:9,13,24; 3:9; 12:9; 20:2,7.

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Mark 4:13-20; He said to them, "Don't you understand this parable? How will you understand all of the parables? The farmer sows the word. These are the ones by the road, where the word is sown; and when they have heard, immediately Satan comes, and takes away the word which has been sown in them. These in like manner are those who are sown on the rocky places, who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with joy. They have no root in themselves, but are short-lived. When oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately they stumble. Others are those who are sown among the thorns. These are those who have heard the word, and the cares of this age, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful. These are those which were sown on the good ground: such as hear the word, and accept it, and bear fruit, some thirty times, some sixty times, and some one hundred times."

 

Man the Sinner

sinWe believe God created Man perfect, but after being tempted by Satan, man by his own free choice, disobeyed God and became a sinner. Man's whole nature is now corrupted by sin and his fellowship with God is broken.

Genesis 1:27,28; 2:17; 3:6,8,10,24; Job 14:4; Lam.3:39; Matthew 15:9; 25:41; John 3:6; Romans 2:14,15; 3:10-19; 5:6,12,19; 6:23; 7:7,8; Ephesians 2:1-3; 4:24; Colossians 3:10; James 1:14,15; Jude 7; 2 Timothy 2:26.

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Genesis 1:27-28; God created man in his own image. In God’s image he created him; male and female he created them. God blessed them. God said to them, "Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it. Have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth.

Romans 3:10-19; As it is written, "There is no one righteous. No, not one. There is no one who understands. There is no one who seeks after God. They have all turned aside. They have together become unprofitable. There is no one who does good, No, not, so much as one". "Their throat is an open tomb. With their tongues they have used deceit." "The poison of vipers is under their lips;" "Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness." "Their feet are swift to shed blood. Destruction and misery are in their ways. The way of peace, they haven’t known." "There is no fear of God before their eyes."

Jesus the Saviour

crosscavernWe believe God can deal with man's sin and bring about a reconciliation with Himself. In God's great plan of Redemption, God the Son became man through the Incarnation. Jesus Christ was conceived of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary.

He lived a sinless human life and taught with divine authority. He suffered and died in the place of sinners, bearing their sin and its guilt and punishment. He thus sets free all believers from the domination of Satan and the corruption of their own sinful nature, and removes from them forever sin's lasting consequences.

John 3:16; 10:11; Romans 3:24-26; 5:8,10,11; 8:3,32; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 1:4; 4:4,5; Ephesians 1:7; 5:2; Hebrews 2:14; 9:26; 1 Peter 1:19,20; 1 John 3:5; 4:10; Revelation 13:8.

Bible verses that relate to this belief

John 3:16; For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life

Romans 5:8,10,11; But God commends his own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we will be saved from God’s wrath through him. For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we will be saved by his life. Not only so, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

Galatians 1:3-5; Grace to you and peace from God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us out of this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.

1 John 4:9-10; By this was God’s love revealed in us, that God has sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him. In this is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son as the atoning sacrifice for our sins.

The Grace of God

childrenofgodWe believe God, by His Grace, forgives and reconciles to Himself all who turn to Him in true repentance, turning from sin and trusting in Christ's atoning death. God imputes to them the righteousness of Christ Himself and adopts them as His children.

John 1:12,16,17; Acts 2:37; 4:3; 15:11; Romans 1:5,7; 3:24; 4:4,16; 5:2,17,20; 11:5,6; 10:14,17; 3:28; 4:5; 10:10; 2 Corinthians 4:13; Galatians 3:11; 4:4,5; Ephesians 1:5,17,19; 2:5-8; Philippians 3:9; Titus 2:11; 3:7; Hebrews 10:29; 1 John 3:1

Bible verses that relate to this belief

John 1:12; But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become God's children, to those who believe in his name.

John 1:16,17; From his fullness we all received grace upon grace. For the law was given through Moses. Grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

Acts 2:37; Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, "Brothers, what shall we do?"

Romans 3:21-25; But now apart from the law, a righteousness of God has been revealed, being testified by the law and the prophets; even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ to all and on all those who believe. For there is no distinction, for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God; being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus; whom God set forth to be an atoning sacrifice, through faith in his blood, for a demonstration of his righteousness through the passing over of prior sins, in God’s forbearance.

The Risen Lord

risenWe believe the Lord Jesus Christ was shown to be the Son Of God by His teaching, by His miracles and by His bodily resurrection from the dead. He has ascended in power and glory to the presence of God where He now pleads on behalf of those who call upon Him in truth.

Luke 24:39; John 10:18; 11:25; 14:19; Acts 2:24,27; Romans 1:4; 8:34; 6:9; 1 Corinthians 6:14; 15:20,21; Hebrews 2:14; Revelation 1:5,18

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Luke 24:39; See my hands and my feet, that it is truly me. Touch me and see, for a spirit doesn't have flesh and bones, as you see that I have.

John 10:18; No one takes it away from me, but I lay it down by myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. I received this commandment from my Father.

Acts 2:22-24; Men of Israel, hear these words! Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved by God to you by mighty works and wonders and signs which God did by him in the midst of you, even as you yourselves know, him, being delivered up by the determined counsel and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by the hand of lawless men, crucified and killed; whom God raised up, having freed him from the agony of death, because it was not possible that he should be held by it.

The Holy Spirit

holyspiritWe believe God in the Person of the Holy Spirit must work in a man before he can enter Salvation. He leads the sinner into an awareness of his sinfulness and brings him to repentance and trust in Christ. He brings to birth in him a new and eternal life, and by His continuing work, develops in this new life the fruits of love and holiness.

John 16:8; Romans 8:16; 1 Corinthians 2:12,13; 6:11; Titus 3:5,6; Hebrews 3:7,8; 1 Peter 1:2; Revelation 22:17

Bible verses that relate to this belief

John 16:8; When he has come, he will convict the world about sin, about righteousness, and about judgement;

1 Corinthians 2:12,13; But we received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit which is from God, that we might know the things that were freely given to us by God.

1 Corinthians 6:11; Such were some of you, but you were washed. But you were sanctified. But you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and in the Spirit of our God.

Titus 3:4-6; But when the kindness of God our Saviour and his love toward mankind appeared, not by works of righteousness, which we did ourselves, but according to his mercy, he saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit, which he poured out on us richly, through Jesus Christ our Saviour;

Justification by Faith Through Grace Alone

faithWe believe the Scriptures affirm that the sinner is justified by faith alone in the finished work of Christ, that is, by His substitutionary death upon the Cross and His resurrection from the dead. The works of men and the traditions of the visible Church are of no avail in the Salvation and Justification of men.

Jeremiah 23:6; John 1:12; Acts 10:44; 13:38,39; Romans 3:22-28; 5:1; 1 Corinthians 1:30,31; 2 Corinthians 5:19,21; Galatians 2:16; 5:6; Ephesians 1:7; 2:7,8; Philippians 3:9; Titus 3:5,7; James 2:17-26.

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Jeremiah 23:5-6; Behold, the days come, says Yahweh, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and he shall reign as king and deal wisely, and shall execute justice and righteousness in the land. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely; and this is his name by which he shall be called: Yahweh our righteousness.

John 1:12-13; But as many as received him, to them he gave the right to become God’s children, to those who believe in his name: who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

Acts 13:38,39; Be it known to you therefore, brothers, that through this man is proclaimed to you remission of sins, and by him everyone who believes is justified from all things, from which you could not be justified by the law of Moses.

Romans 5:1; Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ;

The Visible Return of Christ

returncloudWe believe God is bringing all human history to a climax which will be marked by the personal bodily return to the earth of the Lord Jesus Christ in power and glory.

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Matthew 24:14 This gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.

Matthew 24:37 As the days of Noah were, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.

Matthew 24:42-44; Watch therefore, for you don't know in what hour your Lord comes. But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what watch of the night the thief was coming, he would have watched, and would not have allowed his house to be broken into. Therefore also be ready, for in an hour that you don’t expect, the Son of Man will come.

Matthew 26:64; Jesus said to him, "You have said it. Nevertheless, I tell you, henceforth you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of the sky."

 

Jesus the Judge

judgeWe believe God has appointed Jesus as Judge and there will be a final judgement. Those who are saved will be raised in a glorified body and enjoy eternally and to the full the presence of their Lord in heaven. Those who have rejected Christ will also be raised and banished from God forever in hell.

Daniel 7:9,10; Matthew 13:40-43,47,50; 16:27; 25:31-46; Luke 17:24; John 5:22; Acts 17:31; Romans 2:6; 14:10,12; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 5:16; 2 Timothy 4:1; 2 Peter 3:7,10; Jude 14:15; Revelation 20:12,13; 22:12. 

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Daniel 7:9-10; I saw until thrones were placed, and one who was ancient of days sat: his clothing was white as snow, and the hair of his head like pure wool; his throne was fiery flames, and the wheels of it burning fire. A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousands of thousands ministered to him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgement was set, and the books were opened.

Matthew 13:40-43; As therefore the darnel is gathered up and burned with fire; so will it be at the end of this age. The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all things that cause stumbling, and those who do iniquity, and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be weeping and the gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine forth like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.

Jude 1:14-15; About these also Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied, saying, "Behold, the Lord came with ten thousands of his holy ones, to execute judgement on all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their works of ungodliness which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against him."

The One Church

onechurchWe believe all who have been personally redeemed with the precious Blood of Christ and upon whom God has bestowed His righteousness as a free gift, belong to Christ. They alone may rightly be called Christians. They alone are members of the one universal and eternal Church which is the Body of Christ.

Exekiel 16:20,21; Matthew 13:47; Acts 2:4-7; Romans 11:16; 15:9-12; 1 Corinthians 1:2; 7:14; 12:12,13; Ephesians 1:10,22,23; 5:13; Colossians 1:18; Revelation 7:9. 

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Exekiel 16:20,21; Moreover you have taken your sons and your daughters, whom you have borne to me, and these have you sacrificed to them to be devoured. Were your prostitution a small matter, that you have slain my children, and delivered them up, in causing them to pass through the fire to them?

Matthew 13:47-48; "Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a dragnet, that was cast into the sea, and gathered some fish of every kind, which, when it was filled, they drew up on the beach. They sat down, and gathered the good into containers, but the bad they threw away."

Acts 2:4-7; They were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other languages, as the Spirit gave them the ability to speak. Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under the sky. When this sound was heard, the multitude came together, and were bewildered, because everyone heard them speaking in his own language. They were all amazed and marvelled, saying to one another, ."Behold, aren't all these who speak Galileans?."

The Gathered Church

gatheredchurchWe believe each local church is a fellowship of believers gathered by Christ and under His sole, sufficient and supreme authority. Through Him, as Head of the Church it has direct access to God and enjoys fellowship with other Congregations of His people in a unity which transcends all barriers.

Matthew 18:15-20; Acts 6:1-6; 14:23; Romans 16:5; 1 Corinthians 7:17; 16:19; Ephesians 1:22; 5:23.24; Colossians 1:18. 

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Matthew 18:15-20; "If your brother sins against you, go, show him his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained back your brother. But if he doesn't listen, take one or two more with you, that at the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the assembly. If he refuses to hear the assembly also, let him be to you as a Gentile or a tax collector. Most assuredly I tell you, whatever things you will bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever things you will release on earth will be released in heaven. Again, assuredly I tell you, that if two of you will agree on earth concerning anything that they will ask, it will be done for them by my Father who is in heaven."

Acts 14:23; When they had appointed elders for them in every assembly, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they had believed.

Spiritual Gifts

spiritualgiftsWe believe the Holy Spirit gives many different gifts to equip all God's people for ministry, in order to build up the Body of Christ, and He determines what is given to each believer. A gift is to be valued in the Church according to its contribution to the common good.

Romans 1:11; 12:3-8; 1 Corinthians 7:7; 12:8-10,13; Ephesians 4:1-16; 2 Timothy 1:6; 1 Peter 4:11,16.

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Romans 12:3-8; For I say, through the grace that was given me, to every man who is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think reasonably, as God has apportioned to each person a measure of faith. For even as we have many members in one body, and all the members don’t have the same function, so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another. Having gifts differing according to the grace that was given to us, if prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of our faith; or service, let us give ourselves to service; or he who teaches, to his teaching; or he who exhorts, to his exhorting: he who gives, let him do it with liberality; he who rules, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.

Romans 1:11;For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, to the end that you may be established;

1 Corinthians 7:7; Yet I wish that all men were like me. However each man has his own gift from God, one of this kind, and another of that kind.

The Christian Life

changeaheadWe believe every Christian is called to love the Lord his God with all his heart, soul, mind and strength; and to love his neighbor as himself. Therefore, all are to live godly lives doing all things to the glory of God. The indwelling Holy Spirit makes this new life a reality as they yield themselves to Him.

Deuteronomy 10:12,13; Matthew 5:8,48; Romans 6:1-13; 13:10; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Galations 5:24; Ephesians 1:4; Philippians 2:15; Colossians 3:14; 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 4:7; 5:23; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 1 Timothy 1:5; Hebrews 12:10; 1 John 1:7-9; 4:16,17,21; 5:3; Jude 24.

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Deuteronomy 10:12-13; Now, Israel, what does Yahweh your God require of you, but to fear Yahweh your God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve Yahweh your God with all your heart and with all your soul, to keep the commandments of Yahweh, and his statutes, which I command you this day for your good?

Ephesians 1:3-4; Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ; even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and without blemish before him in love;

Philippians 2:14-16; Do all things without murmurings and disputes, that you may become blameless and harmless, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you are seen as lights in the world, holding up the word of life; that I may have something to boast in the day of Christ, that I didn't run in vain nor labour in vain.

The Sacraments

baptismWe believe that Baptism is a sacrament ordained by Jesus Christ as a sign and seal of the Covenant of Grace. Where one who confesses faith in Christ is baptised, the sacrament is seen as an outward and visible sign of newness of life through faith in Christ on the part of the candidate.

Or, Where an infant of confessing parents is baptised, the sacrament is seen as an outward and visible sign that works in the life prior to the response of faith, calling the one baptised to grow up into Christ.

and, The Lord's Supper is a sacrament ordained by Jesus Christ and is to be observed in the churches for a perpetual remembrance and showing forth of the sacrifice of Christ, the spiritual nourishment of believers and a sign of their communion with one another.

Matthew 26:26,27; 28:19; Mark 14:23; Romans 4:11; 6:5; 1 Corinthians 10:22-28; 11:23-26; Colossians 2:11,12; Galatians 3:27

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Matthew 26:26-28; As they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks for it, and broke it. He gave to the disciples, and said, "Take, eat; this is my body." He took the 

cup, gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, "All of you drink it, for this is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many for the remission of sins".

Matthew 28:19-20; "Therefore go, and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

Mark 14:23-24; He took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave to them. They all drank of it. He said to them, "This is my blood of the new covenant, which is poured out for many".

Romans 4:11; He received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while he was in uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believe, though they be in uncircumcised, that righteousness might also be accounted to them.

Romans 6:5; For if we have become united with him in the likeness of his death, we will also be part of his resurrection;

The Great Commission

goandmakedeciplesWe believe we are under obligation to fulfil the Commission given to the Church by our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, to proclaim the Gospel and make disciples of all nations.

Matthew 28:16-29; Luke 24:44-49; John 20:21; Acts 1:8; 4:20; 5:28; 17:6; Romans 1:14-16; 1 Corinthians 1:18; 9:16,17; 2 Corinthians 2:15; 4:3; 1 Thessalonians 2:4.

Bible verses that relate to this belief

Matthew 28:16-20; But the eleven disciples went into Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had sent them. When they saw him, they bowed down to him, but some doubted. Jesus came to them and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth. Therefore go, and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age."

Acts 1:8; "But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you. You will be witnesses to me in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria, and to the uttermost parts of the earth."